Wh-Question Words

what-- ha mi

where-- ta lok

why-- ha mi su

how-- an chuahn

when-- ti si

who-- chu chooi

 


Pronouns

I, me--wah we (all)--wah lang (kah liow)

you-- ee them--ee lang eh ("them all", the people)

you- lu you--lu lang eh (them, they, you all, you people)

his, hers--e eh yours, theirs--ee lang eh

mine-- wah eh ours--wah lang eh

 


Conjunctions

and (with)--kah or--a si

 


Prepositions

on top, above--teng bihn

on bottom, underneath--e teh

in front--tau cheng

before, first--tau seng

beside, next to--pi ah

across--tui bihn

inside--la bihn

outside--gwa kao

 


Specifiers and Locators

this--chit

that-- hit

each--take

further--kouq

on-- -tieng

at foot of-- -kha

beside-- -pi

before-- -chieng

behind-- au

in, inside-- -lai

at, by-- -ni

direction to, away-- -khi

other, different--pat

some-- u +

near--kihn

far--hui

 


Opposites (Boh Siang "Different," Toh Tau Peng "Reverse, the other way around")

yes--ai

no--mai

far--hui

near--=keen

cheap--pan gi

expensive--kui, kooi

dirty--la sam, (boh chin ki)

clean--chin-ki, (boh la sam)

light--chien

dark--tang

bright (daylight)--ku hnw i

dark --am

high--kuan

low--k eh

tall--kuan

short--a

up--thng binh

down--e teh

beautiful--suwee, sue

ugly--boh sui, kap si

in--jep

out--chot

good--ho

bad --pie (broken appliances, naughty, bad)

good--k way

naughty-- pi e-si

left/right--tow chew

right--ch ia chew

thin--sun

fat--pui

pretty (for women, objects, flowers, pictures, etc.) suwee, sui

ugly--boh suwee

handsome (for men)--ean tau

ugly--kiap see

cute (for baby, small craft)--chu bee

not cute--piy kwa

crude, vulgar--chor-lor

refined, fine (delicate, petite, fragile)--ewe siew

vulgar (unrefined, rough, crude, ill-mannered, buffoon, clumsy)--chor lor

polite (to have manners)--(oo) lay-sawr

man--tar p or

woman--char b or --female (human),

male (animal)--kang

female (animal)-- kbo

clever--gao

stupid--g ong

small--seh

big--tua

young--seh hanh

old--tua hanh

thin--san

fat-pui

front--tao ching

behind--au boey

straight--teat

crooked, slanted -- ow hy

young--siow-lien old--lao

child--gin na adult--t ua lang

dead--si

alive--wh oa

weak--lam

strong-- i-yong

wet--tam

dry--t a

sharp (pointy needle)--ch iam

dull--tun

sharp (knife)--lai " "

hard--h eng, teng

soft--t/n ui, nooi

fast--ko-why

slow-- bahn

big, large--tuwa

small, little--say

long--tung

short (length)--teh

broad,wide--kuwaa'

narrow --/ e

happy--huwha -he

sad--/kek-sim ("frustrated hard")

over, above--teng-bin

under, below--/e-te

 


Colors (Sek)

black--oh

white--pek

red--ang

blue--lam

purple--lam-ma-na

yellow--ooi'

brown--chocolat

grey--hoay-hoo

pink ("watery red")--chui-ang

green--che'

orange--kam

Description of intermediate colors:

turquoise--'the color of the sea' --'siang ka hai e sek'

off-white--'the color of the clouds'--'siang ka hung e sek'

deep red--'the color of pig liver' --'siang ka tu kwa e sek'

tangerine--'the color of tangerine'--'siang ka kam e sek'

This thing is red--Chile meki'a ang e sek--"This thing red one color"

This thing is blue--Chile meki'a lam e sek--"This thing blue one color"

This thing is white--Chile meki'a pek e sek--"This thing white one color"

light--chien

dark--tang

light red--chien ang

dark red--tang ang

light blue--chien lam

dark blue--chien lam

(light/dark) red apple--(chien/tang) ang e pengko "red the apple"

(light/dark) blue ball-- (chien/tang) lam e bot "blue the ball"

(light/dark) purple flower--(chien/tang) lam-ma-na e hua "purple the flower"

(light/dark) green grass--(chien/tang) che' e chou"green the grass"

this grey sea--hoay-hoo e hai "grey sea"

this brown river--chocolat e kang "brown river"

sea is grey--hai hoay-hoo e sek "sea grey (this,one) color"

river is brown--kang chocolat e sek "river brown (this,one) color"

this grey sea--chi-peng e hai hoay-hoo (e) sek "one here this sea grey color"

this brown river--chi-le (e) kang chocolat (e) sek "one-this (one) river brown color"

that grey sea--hi-peng e hai hoay-hoo sek "there this sea grey color"

that brown river--hi-le (e) kang chocolat (e) sek "that (one) river brown color"

this corner of the sea is grey--chi-kak e hai hoay-hoo (e) sek "one section this sea grey (this) color

this stretch (section, corner) of the river is brown--chi-kak e kang chocolat (e) sek "one section this river brown (this) color" one red apple--chi-liap ang (e) pengko "one round red (this, one) apple"

one blue ball--chi-liap lam (e) bot "one round blue (this, one) ball"

one purple flower--chi-lui lam-ma-na (e) hua "one round purple (this,mone) hua"

one patch of green grass--chi-kak che (e) chou--"one patch green (this) grass"

one bundle of green grass--chi-chok che (e) chou--"one bundle green (this) grass"

one patch of green grass --chi-kak e chou che e sek "one patch this grass green this one"

grass is green--chou che' e sek "grass green this color"

apples are red--pengko ang e sek "apple (s) red this color"

balls are blue--bot lam e sek 'balls blue this color"

flowers are purpole-- hua lam-ma-na e sek "flowers purple this color"

this grass is green--chi-le chou che' e sek "this grass green this color"

these apples are red--chi-le pengko ang e sek "the apples green this color"

these balls are blue--chi-le bot lam e sek "these balls blue this color"

these flowers are purple--chi-le bot lam-ma-na e sek "these flowers are purple"

this (one) apple is red -- chi liap pengko ang e sek "one round apple red this color"

this (one) ball is blue -- chi liap bot lam e sek "one round ball blue this color"

this (one) flower is purple--chi lui hua lam-ma-na e sek "this bloom flower purple this color"

this (spot of) grass is green -- chi kak chou che e sek "one square (corner, spot, patch) grass green this color"

this (bundle of) grass is green--chi chok chou che e sek "one bundle (bunch, bouquet) grass green this color"

Distinction between single definite emphasis--this "one", the "one" and a singular "set" definite emphasis--this "bundle"

Distinction between a thing, object, (flower, apple) and a place (sea)

Distinction between place noun and thing noun

 


Numbers (Ho Tau, Suee Ho Tau "Count numbers")

one--chit , it

two--no, gee

three--san

four--see

five--gor

six--luk

seven--cheet

eight--pe

nine--kow

ten--chap

eleven--chap it

twelve--chap gee

thirteen--chap san

fourteen--chap see

twenty ("two ten")--gee chap

twenty-one ("two ten one")--gee chap it

twenty-two ("two ten two")--gee chap gee

thirty ("three ten")--san chap

thirty-one ("three ten on")--san chap it

thirty-two ("three ten two")--san chap gee

forty--si chap

fifity--go chap

sixty--luk chap

one hundred--chit-b ah

hundred (and) one--b ah (lien) it

"hundred (and) two"--b ah (lien) gee

"hundred (and) ten"--b ah (lien) chap

"one hundred (and) eleven--chit-b ah (lien) chap it"

"two hundred (and) one"--no-b ah (lien) it

"one thousand"-- chit-cheng

"thousand one"-- cheng it

"thousand two"-- cheng gee

"thousand three"-- cheng san

"(one) thousand (and) ten"--(chit) cheng (lien) chap

ten thousand--chap cheng, chap ban

one hundred thousandchit-b ah cheng, chit-bah ban

two hundred thousand--no-b ah cheng

one hundred (and) ten thousand (and) one hundred (and) forty-five--

chit-b ah lien chap chen chit-b ah see chap gor

one million-- chit-ba ban, aik ban

first -- (kiok/pie) te it, (kiok) tau--"take head"

second --(kiok/pie) te gee

third --(kiok/pie) te san

fourth--(kiok/pie) te see

fifth--(kiok/pie) te gor

tenth --(kiok/pie) te chap

eleventh -- kiok/pie chap it, "take/line ten one"

twelvth--kiok/pie chap gee, "take/line ten two"

"pie" is used in a line--

person is eleventh in line-- chi-le lang pie chap it

s/he is eleventh in line-- ee pie chap it

"kiok" is used in "place"--

this person came in eleventh (place)--chi-le lang kiok chap it (meea)

s/he came in eleventh (place)--ee kiok chap it (meea)

 


"Action"--verbs (Cho ming kia "doing things")--Verbs are basic and simple, without conjugation for person, tense or plurality. They are contextually modified by basic adverbs.

come--lai go--kii'

send as a gift--sang

swim--su'i

sink--tim

eat--chiak

eat (without chewing)--kam

drink--lim

bite--kahr

suck--sok

drive (car, plane, train, boat)--hoanh

ride--chee, tak

stand--kia

stand up--kia kee

sit--cheh

sit down--cheh lok

run--chow, chau

walk--k ia

crawl--peh

jump--t'eoh

throw--tim

fall-pat toh

catch--li a' (fish, rabbit)

fly--pua

spin, to go around--lian

love, pain (only children)-- t- ia

embrace--lam

want (an apple, love a spuse)--aye

kiss--chim

sleep--koon awake (get up)--kee, ki

dream--bang

nightmare--hang been

day dream--koon bang

lay down--toh

nap--bee

hit--pa -- hit beat--paa', pak

slap--p ah kick--tat

struggle--koon leong scratch--peh

scold--meh curse--lay

scold (usually with vulgar words)--chok

quarrel--seow meh

fight--seow pak

write--siah

draw--o'wah

paint--chat

read--tak

cook--choo chiak, chu

fry--chien'

cut--k aa, kahr

cut (meat)--kuak

fry--chahar, char

deep fry--chien

toast over heat-- poo

burn--seow

pour--tohr

slice (vegetables)--chiat

smoke (cigarette)--sok hoon tie--pak

pick--k'eok

point--g ey

stop--heh

close--kam

open--kooi, kui

push--sak

pull--kui

pray--pai

attach--tau

sew (by hand)--t ee

sew (by machine)--cheay

to iron-- ut (t)

comb--seh (lua)

think--si ow

teach--ka

plead--kui

pray--pai

laugh--cheow, chioo

cry--how

tickle--gili (Malay)

frown--pong tau, pong bin

swallow--toon

pass water, pee--pang jeou

pass motion, poo--pang sai

cough--sau

spit--p ui spit (spittum)-- p'tui nueh

clear throat--kah sau

hiccup--pak kak arhk, pak kok wu

fart--pang pooi

choke--k'neh

vomit--ow

sneeze--hai choo

yell, scream--jiang

call--ki o

sing--kua

talk--kong ua

speak, talk--kong

hear--ti a'

smell--bee

taste--taam

pinch--chu bit

wink--ge' ou

race--seow tau chow

dig--ohr

catch--liak

play--ti toh

sweep--sau

abscond--chau lor

slaughter--tia

bathe--chang ak

wash--say

wash clothes--say snah

scrub, brush--bin

 


Adverbs--"Action Adjectives"

quiet, silent--tiam

noisy--luan

wind/gas in stomach--pong hong

bloated up (too full)--kam chek

itchy--gatai (Malay)

very--chin ya

very many--chin ya che

almost-- toh ho

already--liow

 


Fruit (Kueh Chi)--There are no singular or plural forms--just a general form. Plurality is unmarked. The amount must be specified if more than one.

apple --peng-ko

orange -- kam

tangerines--chiam

lemon-- leng-mong

pear -- lie-ya

banana--keen-chyo

peach -- tow

mangosteen--mang-git

mango--suo-ya-chu

pineapple--ong-lai

papaya--bu-kwa

Durian--'du-rl ien'

rambutan--'rl am-bu-tan'

olive--kan-na

date--cho

lychee-'ly-chi'

coconut--e-ya

related words:

sek--ripe

seen-- new ("fresh")

ku (liow) -old (already)

nua (liow) - rotting (already)

chow (liow) --bad (already)

nui (liow) --soft (already)

ta (liow) --dry (already)

tam (liow) --soggy, wet (already) "Durian"

oo (liow) --black (already) "bananas"

pi (liow)--old (already)

chow bee (liow) -- smell bad (already)

(oo) bee (liow) -- got smell (already)

teng (liow) --hard (already)

boh sek (ko)--not ripe before

a-boy sek (ko)-- not yet ripe before

siow sek (liow)--too ripe (already)

che' ko--still green

the ripe apple--chi-le peng-ko sek (liow)

the (one) ripe apple--chi-liap peng-ko sek (liow)

the old apple--chi-le peng-ko ku (liow)

the (one) ripe apple--chi-liap peng-ko ku (liow)

the unripe apple--chi-le peng-ko boh sek (ko-)

the green apple--chi-le peng-ko che' (ko-)

the apple is very good to eat--chi-le peng-ko chin ho chiak "this apple very good eat"

the apple is not very good to eat--chi-le peng-ko (chin-nya) boh ho chiak "this apple (really) bad to eat"

 


Vegetables

green mustard--chai sim, kui tiow, kahr nahr chay, chai tiow

jicama-- bang kuang

potato--kahr nang choo

carrot--ang chai tow

Chinese white radish-- pek chai tow

chile--han cheow

ginger--kihow

chives-- ku chai

dried chiles--han cheow kua

squash (hairy)--mor kua

cucumber--timun

small chile--han cheow kea

 


Food

sugar--ting

salt--tam

soy sauce--tau u

bean sauce--tau cheon, tau joo

black soya sauce--ohr tau u

salted fish--kiam hu, kiam hoo

fish--hu, hoo

vegetables--chye

salted vegetables--kiam chye

meat-bak

shrimp--har

crabs--chiem

shellfish--hahrm, ciput (Malay), lala (Malay), balitong (Malay), hau, chiem, cheik

eggs--nu i

salted egg--kiam nui

syrup water--ting chooi

bananas--keen choui

candy--ang mo ting

chocolates--chok ko lat

peanut brittle--tow tow ting

sugar cane--kam cheay

bread--low ti

biscuits, cookies--piah

lemon grass--chang mow

coffee--kopi

coffee beans--kopi hoon

tea--teh

boiled water--koon chui

soup--th'ng

dishes--kiam, siang pueh

oil--eui

lard--bak eui

vegetable oil--chye eui

peanut oil--tow tow eui

fried pork rind--bak eu pok

pork floss--bak hoo

rice--pooi

rice (uncooked)--bee, bee chek

red pepper--han chieou

red pepper powder--han chieou hoon

 


Hawker Food

Dumplings (chang)

bah chang

kee chang

kiam tee chang

hum yoke chang

Dim Sum (Cantonese)

char siew pao tdua pao

kaya pao siu mai

siu kow ieu pui

Food made from flour

apom, apom telu, apom ablek murtabek

roti-canai, roti telu, roti jala, roti babi thosai

putu mayam, putu piring mua chee

che cheong fun ohr kueh

ang ku mee ku

 

Soupy Dishes

curry mee mee rebus

Hokkien mee mee jawa

lohr mee yong tau foo

lum mee lok lok

hoo tow bee hoon hoo wan th'ng

tok tok mee wan tan mee

ark th'ng koay chiap

mee sua th'ng laksa (sui, lemak)

ke ling gnah mee

Deep Fried Food

ban chang koay goreng pisang

eu char koay kueh kodoh

ham chim peng hua chee, har chee

poh piah chee tau kua chieu (plain), tau kua goreng (vegetables)

har ch'nh

Drinks (Chui, "water, liquid")

kopi o kau kopi o ch'neah

kopi o poke kopi kau

kopi si kop peng

kopi o peng

tau chooi (soy bean juice)

kiam chea chui (sugar cane water)

teh o kau te o-ch'neah

teh o poke teh kau

teh si teh peng

teh o peng teh tarik

lim chooi (beer) stout

Meat Dishes (bak)

satay (chicken, beef, mutton, rabbit, pork)

lohr bak

oh chien (fried oyster)

gee hu

Rice dishes (pui)

bah moey kek pui

chee cheong chuk nasi ulam

kai chok ark pui

hoo moey ketupat

nasi lemak nasi kunyit

nasi kandar nasi tomato

char siuw pui

Fried dishes (char a ming kia)

char kaoy teow char mee suah

char tung hoon Hokkien char

keng che bee hoon koay kak

mee goreng sar har fun

sambal bee hoon

Salad (Chia liau)

ch'neh hoo gado gado

ji hoo eng chai pasembor

po piah rojak

Sweet Dessert (tee a ming kiah)

ais kacang an tow th'ng

pek koay th'ng geng geng kua th'ng

leng chee kang bubur cha cha

bee koe moey chindol

gandum heng jin teh

see koe th'ng tau hua

muar chee

Nonya Kueh

conde conde pulut ta tai

kueh tayap apok apok

rempah udang kueh udang

kueh lapis kueh beng kang

kueh talam kueh kosui

otak otak pulut inti

ketupat k'nui koh

kueh badar huat kueh

 


Animals (Kim Sieu)

fly-hor seen (h sn)

spider-ti too

pidgeon-kap

monkey-kau

monitor lizard-si kar chuah

Gecko--sin tang

cockroach -ka chuah

squirrel- pong chu

bird- cheow ciu

turkey-hueh keh

caterpillar-seh moh tang

tiger- hohr (h', la-h )

goose- go (go)

cat-meow, neow (niu )

mouse-niau choo

turkey-hue kay (h-ku)

prawn, shrimp- har

king crab-hau

worms- tang

turtle- ku, koo

tortoise-pik

snake- chuah (cu)

cobra- pun kee cheng

python- gim chua

dragon- leng

phoenix- hong

fowl-keh

rooster-keh kak

hen-keh boh (ku)

chicks -keh kia

fish - hu, hoo (h)

horse- beh (b)

bird- cheow

dog, monkey - kau (ka)

duck- ark

pig- tu, too (t)

sow- tu, too boh

piglets-tu, too kia

cow, cattle--gu, goo (g)

deer-lok

mosquito--bang

crab--chi, chim

 

 


Nature

Midnight-pua meh (pu m)

cold-ling (kua :SV., ling)

hot-juak (zuq)

flower-hua (hu)

leaf-huek (hiuq)

rain-lor hor (h, loq h)

snow-hor sing

drizzle- hor chooi, hor chui

tree- chui chang (chi)

grass- chaw (cha)

rainbow- kheng

fire -hueh (h)

water-- chooi, chui (cui)

sea-- hai (hai)

river- kang (ho)

clouds- hoon (hn)

wind- hong (hng)

thunder- lee kong (tn lu V.O.)

lightning- sik nak (sq-n)

heaven- th'n teng (th)

hell- im kan

earth- teh (tue, th)

morning- char kee

afternoon- jit tau, chit tau (-p)

night-- arm meh (m)

 


Vehicles (Chiah)

bicycle- kar tak cheay (kh-tq-chi)

motorbike- mo toh bike

motorcar- cheay (chi, khi-chi, hng-chi)

train-- hua cheay (h-chi)

plane-- pueh key

ship-- choon (cn)

bus-- bus, baht (older people use this) (bs: bt; bat-si, kng-king khi-chi)

 


Buildings

school--ouk ting (oq-t'ng)

hospital--loh koon choo (i-i, i-kun, lo-kn-ch)

maternity hospital--seah kia ting

I.C. building-- teng ki kuan I.D. = (tieng-ki)

legal office (lawyer) -- "law yer kuan"

prison-- kah khoo keng (haa-kh-king)

sundry shop-- chia tiam mah (cp-h-tim)

police station-- mata keng (king-cht-kik, m-t-ch)

shop-- tiam (tim, tim-tha)

coffee shop-- kopi tiam

medicine shop--eok tiam medicine = (iuq)

cloth shop--por t tiam cloth=(p)

 


Household (Chu lai)

house--chu, choo (ch)

host/hostess, home owner--chu lang ("house person")

balcony-- hang lohr

roof--chu teng ch-ting po

bedroom, room--pang keng

hall, living room--tiah (t'ng)

lounge, sitting room ( khq-thi)

kitchen--chow ka (ca-kh)

toilet--jamban (Malay)

window--tang ngah (thng-m'ng, thng)

door--mui (m'ng)

key-- soo si (so-s)

curtains for door--tang ngah poh

garden-- hui (h'ng)

fish tank--hu ti, hoo ti

upstairs--lau teng (la-ting po)

downstairs--lau kahr (la-kh po)

stairs- lau tui

rag-- tor por

feather duster--keh moh cheng

broom--chow chew (sa-chi)

air conditioner--leng kee

television--tien see kee

telephone--tien wa (tian-ue) N.

fridge- seeng to (tin-ping-si)

sewing machine--chiam cheay

iron--ut tau (thiq N)

needle- chiam (cim)

scissors--char tow

buttons--looi wah (li)

snap buttons--tak tak looi

washing machine--seh sah kee

electric kettle-- tien teh kor

kettle-- teh koh

ladle-- sin dok

wok--tia

tiffin carrier-- u-wa chan

spatula--chien see

medicine (drug)-- eo hk( iuq)

medicine (water, liquid)-- eoh chooi, eor chui

medicine (pills)--eoh wan

medicine (powder)--eoh hoon

soap--sabun (Malay) (sp-bn)

detergent--sabun hoon

scrubber--bin nar

comb--sar seh (luq)

perfume--pang chooi, pang chui

lipstick--ean chee

powder (face)--bin hoon

towel--bin pohr

toothpaste--chu kee ko (kh-ko)

toothbrush--chu kee bin (kh-bn)

washbasin--bin poon

stove--chau (stationary)--(cau)

stove top--chau teng

burner--hua lor

floor--tau kah, tau kar (th-kh)

light-- hua (ting)

cups--ow (a, pu)

plates-puah

bowl--ouah

chopsticks-- too (t)

spoons--tua keong (thng-s)

forks--chiam ma (chi m)

knife--toh (toa (small): to (large))

pots--book keng

cutting board--tiam

Tongs (for picking up hot charcoal pieces) -- hoy ngek

charcoal--hoy teoah

altar--ang kong tok

table--tow tenng (toq)

chair--kow ee

bed--me'ng ch'ng (bn-ch'ng, mng-ch'ng)

blanket--pou tu'eo (thn)

pillow--chim tau (cm-tha)

bolster-- lam chim, puluk

bed sheet-- chuak ga kam (sheet, bedding) (ph-tu)

mattress--chuak ga

pillow cases--chim tau long

pail--tim ba (thng, cu-thng)

water tub-- chooi tee, chui tee

 


Things (Miscellaneous)

cigarettes--hoon kee (hn-k, hn)

matches--huey chik (h-cht, h-ch)

money--lui, looi (c, gn, lu)

road--lohr, (l)

loose change, coins--toon nah kea

name, life--mia mi

pencil--iam pit (i n-pt)

ball--bot (ki)

ice-cubes--seeng kak

story book--kohr so chk (story) = (k-s)

 


People (Lang)

people, person, human--lang (lng)

(common people) = (pq-s)

devil-- kooi, kui

fairy--sien

spirit-- sin

wife--boh, char boh lang, lau ee ("the old one") (b)

(wife, woman)= (h-zn-lng_

(wife, Mrs.)= (tha tha, si n-s; -ni)

husband--ang, tar pho lang, lau ee ("my old one") (ang) (rustic); (thong h, sian- s; ta-p (said by wife))

bridegroom, "son-in-law"--kia sai (ki; -sa)

bride- sin neoh (sn-ni)

in-laws (male)--chin keh

in-laws (female)--cheh um

relatives--chin lang ('close people') (chn-lng)("clans men")

(relations) = (chn-chik )

grandson--tah bor soon

granddaughter--char boh soon

grandchildren--soon (sn)

sister--ah chi (c-b; tu -c)

brother--ah koo (hi ; -ti; hi; tu-hi; -hi ; ko; -ko)

younger brother--seow tee (siu-t)

younger sister--seow mua (siu-b)

older brother--tua ko

older sister--tua chi ( -c (elder sister))

father--ah pa, papa (la-p, k -h)

mother--ah ma, mama, ah bo (la-b; k-b)

grandfather--ah kong (n-kng: -kng)

grandmother--ah ma (n-m)

aunt--ah ee, ah chim, ah um ('m,: -'m,: cm, -cim, cm-'m: k: a -k; : - )

uncle-ah koo, ah chek, ah pek, ah theow (cik-pq: pq, -pq: cik, -cik, k-ti; k; -k; -ti)

grandaunt (not necessarily related by blood)--chek ma

granduncle (not necessarily related by blood)--chek kong

boy--tar bor gin na (t-p gn, t-p te)

girl (virgin)--char bor gin na (c-b; c-b te)

child--gin na (zi-l) (boys & girls, children)

son--how sneh (ki; ha-s; tu-ki)

daughter--char yow (c-b-ki)

dumb--ar kow

deaf--chau hi lang

mad, insane, schizophrenic--tau hong, ting tong, mor sin, siow

out of mind--"gila"

visitor--lang khek

surgery--kui toh

innoculation--pak chiam

indigestion--beh seow hua

dizzy--lian, heen

 


Occupations

beggars--kee chiak ar

tiger-lady--hor kor poh (tiger-h, la-h)

trishawman--lang chia pek

pimp--or kooi, or kui

lady pimp--or kui poh

schoolchildren--ok th'ng gi na

male boss--tou keh (tha-k)

female boss--tou keh soh

coffin maker--chow kua chahr

goldsmith--pak kim (gold)= (km)

vegetable seller--beh chye

pork seller--beh bak

fish seller--beh hu, beh hoo

chicken seller--beh keh

hawker--beh seow huan, chow seow huan

seamstress--chiah sah (tailor) = (cha-hng)

road sweeper--sow keh lohr

fisherman--toh hai

(to fish, go fishing) = (liq h)

(to go sea fishing) = (to h; tho hai)

(to fish with a hook)= (tiu h)

(to fish with a net)= (bng h)

businessman--seng li lang

shop owner--tau kay

shop clerk--chai hoo (shop assistant) = (ca -h)

bridal attendant, lady who knows rituals for the bride--ch'ng khek um

fortune teller--kua meia sen

shaman, bomoh-ki tong, tang ki

priest, exorcist of spirits, officiates funerals--sai kong

person who knows rituals to frighten off spirits--kioh kiah

medium-kee tong, tang ki

monk--hwa seoh

nun, (buddist)-- mare chee

nun--lee koh

medicine man--sin seh

medicine woman--sin seh ma

dentist--chow chu kee

doctor--loh koon, low kun (-sing; lo-kn)

woman doctor--char bor loh koon

Chinese physician--teng lang sin seh

feeling pulse--bong mek

nurse--"missy" (m-s)

judge--poh lay cho

principal--hwa teoh (ha-ti)

detective--aharm pia (cing-thm)

police inspector, secret detective--tua kow (tu ka

policeman--mata kia (king-cht; m-t)

actor/actress--beng seng

construction--chor choo teoh (coolie, laborer)= (k-l; kng-lng)

 


Clothing (Sanh)

zipper--tua lean

shoe--aa u

sandals--chien tua

wooden clogs--ka kiak

ring-- chew chee

bracelet--chew lian, gelang

anklet--ka lian

earring--he su'ean

locket, pendant--pai

amulet--tangkai, hoo

bib--orh tohr

long blouse--t'ng sanh

pajamas--koon sanh

sweater--nee sa h

raincoat--loh hohr sanh

hat--boh (bo, bo-)

skirt--goon

dress--sanh

school uniform--ouk ting sahn (school)= (q-t'ng)

(uniform)=--c-hk

sarong-mua

long pants--ting kohr

short pants--tay kohr

socks--buek

gloves--chui long

underwear, "undies"--lah bin kohr (la-s)

lace--lendah

bras--la bin seh

suit--kot (s-cng; s; tho; s; kh)

necktie--tie

vest--y tau (Mandarin)

collar--ni a (ni)

shoe lace--a sok (u-tu)

hair clip--tahr mo pin

design--siak ke

 


Body Parts

hair- m'ng

hair (of the head)--tahr mor tha m'ng

face--bin bn

nose--pe kong ph

(nostril)= ph-khng

ears--hee yahar h; h

eyes--but chew bk; bk-ci

cheeks--chui peh

lips--chui toon

mouth--chui chu

tongue--cheek

chin--sia po (on)

forehead--heak

head--tau kak tha

(of body only)= tha-khk

teeth--chu kee

eyelash--but chew mohr

eyebrow--baht bai mohr

body--seng ku sn-kh

breast--leng

waist--ee yo

back--ka chiak

neck--ahr mor koon

hand--chew chi

thumb--tua kee chai tu-p-b

fingernails--chin kak

liver--ku wah

kidney--e yok chi

heart--sim sm

lung--hee, hooi

ribs--pai kut

leg--kahr kh-thu

(leg, foot)= kh

knee--ka tak ou

thigh--kahr tui, tua tui

buttock--kahr che lun

woman's bottom--ahr sin

penis (derogatory) --ku ku chiou

testicles (derogatory)--lam pa

sole--ka pan

brain--now

fingers--chew chai ca; chi-cai

toe--ka chai

big toe--chai

sin--phoi

fat--pui pu

 


Senses

bad smell--chow

sweet smell--pang

sour--sioun

salty--kiam kim

sweet--tee

bitter--kohr

heat--hahr

hot--juak zuq

cold--leng ku

(cold, chilly)= ling

angry--kee hong kh

(to get angry)=si kh

good--hoo ho

naughty--pia

spicey--luak

pain--tia